High temperature materials are divided into two main categories—semi-crystalline and amorphous—based on their difference in molecular structure.

Semi-crystalline materials have a highly ordered molecular structure with sharp melt points. They do not gradually soften with a temperature increase, instead, semi-crystalline materials remain solid until a given quantity of heat is absorbed and then rapidly change into a low viscosity liquid.

These materials are anistropic in flow, shrinking less in the direction of flow vs. transverse to flow. They have excellent chemical resistance. Semi-crystallines exhibit substantial improvement in their HDTs when reinforced and retain useful levels of strength and stiffness well beyond their glass transition temperature (Tg).

Semi-Crystalline Polymers
RTP Company modifies the following semi-crystalline thermoplastic resins to meet the particular demands of your high temperature application:

Properties vs. Temperature for Semi-Crystalline, 40% Glass Fiber Filled Compounds

Note that all the semi-crystalline polymers start with fairly high properties that gradually decline. As they near the Tg, the slope of the reduction increases. Then, unlike amorphous polymers, the rate of loss stabilizes and they remain useful until they get near their melting point.

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Learn more about the capabilities of these special resins and the process of having a specialty compound formulated for your application’s requirements.